Buddhism War and Nationalism: Chinese Monks in the Struggle Against Japanese Aggressions 1931-1945
Page count: 292 pages
File size: 416 KB
This thesis examines the doctrinal grounds and different approaches to working out this “new Buddhist tradition,” a startling contrast to the teachings of non-violence and compassion which have made Buddhism known as a religion of peace. In scores of articles as war approached in 1936-37, new monks searched and reinterpreted scripture, making controversial arguments for ideas like “compassionate killing” which would justify participating in war.